PublicationWater Advanced Treatment & Environmental Research Laboratory

Sonocatalytic degradation of fluoroquinolone compounds of levofloxacin using titanium and zirconium oxides nanostructures supported on paper sludge/wheat husk-derived biochar
Year
2022
First author
Parisa Yekan Motlagh
Co-author
Reza Darvishi Cheshmeh Soltani, Zoha Pesaran, Sema Akay, Berkant Kayan
Corresponding author
Yeojoon Yoon, Alireza Khataee
Journal
Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
Vol
114
Page
84-95
Abstract
The present study aimed at treating a water medium containing pharmaceutical compounds such as levofloxacin (LEV). For this purpose, ultrasound (US)-based degradation of LEV was catalyzed by TiO₂ and ZrO₂ nano-catalysts supported on biochar (BC). BC was obtained from a precursor composite of paper sludge and wheat husk. The application of BC-ZrO₂ led to a degradation efficiency of 54.65% within 60 min. When BC-TiO₂ was used, a lower degradation efficiency of 49.62% was obtained at the same reaction time. However, increasing the time to 120 min improved the sonocatalytic degradation of LEV by BC-TiO₂ (72.88%) compared to that of BC-ZrO₂ (66.42%). In the presence of H₂O₂ and S₂O8²-, the LEV degradation efficiency of US/BC-TiO₂ increased from 72.88% to 87.98% and 94.03%, respectively, and for the US/BC-ZrO₂ process, it increased from 66.42% to 76.79% and 90.14%, respectively. The addition of isopropanol caused the most suppressive effect on the sonocatalytic degradation of LEV for both US/BC-TiO₂ (decreasing from 72.88% to 13.99%) and US/BC-ZrO₂ (decreasing from 66.42% to 16.43%) processes. The reusability test results showed an approximately 20% reduction in the sono-reactor performance within three consecutive experimental runs with no substantial change in the functional groups of the as-prepared sonocatalyst. Intermediates of LEV decomposed by the two sonocatalytic processes were also identified.